The largest use of ethanol is as a motor fuel and fuel
additive used to operate vehicle engines. The market for this sector has
highest growth potential. Many countries have attempted to replace some of
their gasoline consumption with ethanol by mixing certain percentage of ethanol
into gasoline to achieve the resulting product called gasohol. The largest
national fuel ethanol industries exist in Brazil. Ethanol for fuel use is
further divided into hydrous and anhydrous alcohol, each contained different
purity from distillation.
Industrial Use :
For industrial use, ethanol is mostly used as chemical in
industrial processes. Other uses of ethanol are perfumes, paint, cosmetics and
medicine such as tinctures. Ethanol is also used in medical wipes and in most
common antibacterial hand sanitizer gels at a concentration of about 62% as an
antiseptic. Ethanol proves to be effective against most bacteria and fungi, and
many viruses, but is ineffective against bacterial spores.
The market of ethanol for beverage is the smallest and has
the lowest growth among the three because alcohol beverages can be produced
from fruits such as grapes and malt as well as from ethanol. The ethanol
content of a beverage is usually measured in terms of the volume fraction of
ethanol in the beverage, expressed either as a percentage or in alcoholic proof
units. China is the main
market for ethanol beverages followed by Russia,
USA, Brazil and Japan*.